The female population prevails among the population with ordinary residence. At the start of last year, the ratio of women to men was 100:93. The ratio differs significantly depending on particular age groups. The differences are more pronounced in the case of people aged between 35 and 64 and aged 65 and over, the ratio of women to men being 100:92 and, respectively, 100:61, IPN reports.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the women live by 8.3 years on average longer than men. Life expectancy at birth in 2019 was 75.1 for women and 66.8 for men. This discrepancy is due to the higher number of premature deaths among men, primarily those of working age.
The women get married earlier than men. The average age of women at the first marriage in 2019 was 26, while of men – 28.9. Marriages at the age of under 20 are more often in rural areas: slightly over 10% of the marriages in rural areas involved women younger than 20, as opposed to 4.2% in urban areas.
As regards education, girls prevail in technical post-secondary vocational education, while men in technical secondary vocational education. Women choose primarily higher education. The women are also better represented at higher master’s education (including integrated studies), where female students represented 64% of all the students, and also at higher bachelor’s education – 56%.
In higher bachelor’s education, the women choose chiefly such general areas of study as education sciences, social and behavioral sciences, philology and public services. Men opt for engineering and ICT. In the most popular areas, such as economic sciences and law, the women represented 2/3 of the students at the faculty of economy and an almost equal number of women and men at the faculty of law.